The EU Bailout Fund for countries in financial problems called the European Financial Stability Facility has been created in may 2010. The EFSF lends on the financial markets by issuing bonds. These bonds are of the highest quality because the money is guaranteed by AAA-countries (with the highest credit ratings in the world). These countries are: Germany, France, Netherlands, Finland, Austria and Luxembourg.
The Wall Street Journal explains the difference between the current form of the EFSF and how it will change this fall:
''EFSF 1.0 (which is the current version) uses an absurdly complicated combination of prepaid interest, cash buffers, overguarantees and the like to ensure that all its debt issues are backed by triple-A guarantees or cash. EFSF 2.0, expected to be ratified this fall, makes things (relatively) simpler.
In EFSF 2.0, all the 17 countries pledge guarantees totaling €779.8 billion. Subtracting the guarantees of bailed-out Greece, Ireland and Portugal brings the total down to €726 billion. The countries agree that every EFSF bond will be backed by up to 165% of its size in guarantees, so the EFSF can borrow a maximum of €440 billion (since €440 billion x 1.65 = €726 billion).''